General Pneumology Consultation

Medical specialty dedicated to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the respiratory system, mainly lower tract respiratory diseases – trachea, bronchi, lungs, and pleura.

 

  • Asthma – Asthma is a disease in which the airways narrow and may produce extra mucus, wheezing, shortness of breath. Pass spontaneously or under therapeutic action
  • Bronchiectasis – Bronchiectasis are deformities or dilations of the airways (bronchi), making patients more vulnerable to infections.
  • Pleural Disease – There are several types of pleural diseases, including: Empyema (pus between the pleural leaflets), Pleural Effusion (fluid between the pleural leaflets), Pneumothorax (air between the pleural leaflets) and Hemothorax (blood between the pleural leaflets).
  • Coronavirus 2019 Disease (COVID-19) – COVID-19 is a new disease that can affect the lungs and airways. It is caused by a subtype of the coronavirus virus called Sars-CoV-2.
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) – COPD is the name of a group of lung diseases that cause breathing difficulties, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Being caused by smoking, it is irreversible and can lead to respiratory failure and eventually death.
  • Pulmonary Embolism – In pulmonary embolism, there is an obstruction of the blood flow of one or more pulmonary arteries by thrombi or emboli. If left untreated and occurs in sizable vessels, it can be fatal.
  • Pulmonary Hypertension – Pulmonary hypertension is high pressure in the blood vessels that supply the lungs (the pulmonary arteries).
  • Lung Infection – These are pneumonias. Some, a few, resolve spontaneously, but others can be serious and even fatal.
  • Pulmonary Nodules – A pulmonary nodule is a small radiographic change in the lung that can be benign or malignant, or even just a scar.
  • Sarcoidosis – Sarcoidosis is a rare condition, manifested by subcutaneous patches and nodules, granulomas, in the body’s organs. It can affect the lungs and the mediastinum (where the heart is located).
  • Tubercolosis – Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that normally affects the lungs, it is transmitted by inhaling droplets from the cough or sneeze of an infected person.
  • Bronchitis – It is the inflammation of the bronchi, tubes that carry oxygen to the lungs. There are two types:
    • Acute: of infectious origin, begins suddenly, when symptoms such as coughing, wheezing and difficulty breathing last for between five days to four weeks; it mainly affects children and the elderly.
    • Chronic: it is a clinical diagnosis; patients must present sputum for three months for two consecutive years; it is not a disease, but a set of symptoms that can occur in various pathologies such as COPD, asthma, bronchiectasis, etc..